സിനി‌മ: കൊമഡാന്റെ

ഒലിവര്‍ സ്റ്റോണ്‍ സിനിമ: Comandante
subtitle ഔദ്യോഗികമല്ല.

17
00:02:16,620 –> 00:02:20,932
[January 1959, Habana, Cuba]

18
00:02:22,140 –> 00:02:24,938
The Opression..

19
00:02:25,060 –> 00:02:27,972
…has ended.

20
00:02:30,260 –> 00:02:32,251
The joy is overwhelming…

21
00:02:35,460 –> 00:02:38,099
But still…

22
00:02:38,220 –> 00:02:41,849
..there is alot to do.

28
00:03:08,260 –> 00:03:13,095
There’s a discrepancy,
On a small island…

29
00:03:13,220 –> 00:03:15,609
A big revolution…

32
00:03:30,060 –> 00:03:33,336
No, I would have been dead.

34
00:03:56,900 –> 00:03:58,572
Let me see..

35
00:03:58,700 –> 00:04:03,251
If I go closer…
I have to look my best.

36
00:04:04,820 –> 00:04:09,575
You ought to follow the orders
given out by your superior officers.

37
00:04:09,700 –> 00:04:12,419
Me too…

38
00:04:13,380 –> 00:04:14,699
The Palace
Habana, Cuba

43
00:04:39,220 –> 00:04:42,815
I know it’s late,
but you have to sign these.

44
00:04:42,940 –> 00:04:46,410
What?

45
00:04:46,540 –> 00:04:49,657
I can sign a few of them.

46
00:04:52,220 –> 00:04:55,451
Let’s do a couple.

48
00:05:07,100 –> 00:05:11,855
I think that would be my speeches.

50
00:05:14,300 –> 00:05:21,092
No, but when I write I try to
establish a harmony between the words.

51
00:05:21,220 –> 00:05:29,059
I try to combine the words, to
ensure a cadence, a rhythm.

52
00:05:29,180 –> 00:05:33,458
I could produce alot more-

53
00:05:33,580 –> 00:05:36,174
-simply by talking in public.

54
00:05:36,300 –> 00:05:42,455
Only the lord knows how many
thousands of stories I’ve told.

57
00:06:01,300 –> 00:06:06,328
A minimum amount of time for
administrative duties.

58
00:06:06,460 –> 00:06:11,329
As much time as possible with
my fellow comrades, talking-

59
00:06:11,460 –> 00:06:14,099
-about different issues.

61
00:06:16,900 –> 00:06:19,937
Yes, in finding solutions to problems.

62
00:06:24,100 –> 00:06:28,651
You have to gather information
and familiarize with problems…

63
00:06:28,780 –> 00:06:34,889
…in order to find solutions.

64
00:06:37,460 –> 00:06:40,657
I don’t waste my time shaving.

65
00:06:40,780 –> 00:06:46,696
This one time I estimated that
I was saving…

66
00:06:49,300 –> 00:06:56,172
… months, if you calculate
15 minutes of shaving per day.

67
00:06:58,300 –> 00:07:02,418
When I was a young man…

68
00:07:03,900 –> 00:07:06,539
…I dedicated alot of time to sports.

69
00:07:09,220 –> 00:07:13,099
I found a great pleasure
trying out many different sports.

70
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Today I do sports occasionally-

71
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-for health reasons.

72
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This office is my track and field.

73
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I count all the steps i take.

75
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Right away.

76
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First, I check my watch…

77
00:07:45,700 –> 00:07:48,658
then my pulse….

78
00:07:52,300 –> 00:07:55,178
And then I start walking.

80
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What am I to do?
I am a prisoner.

81
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This is my cell.

83
00:08:26,460 –> 00:08:32,376
I react calmly to good news-

84
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-even though I rejoice inside.

85
00:08:40,140 –> 00:08:43,450
And for the bad news:

86
00:08:43,580 –> 00:08:47,175
-I’m used to bad news.

87
00:08:47,300 –> 00:08:53,694
-Yes, some news are hard to deal with.

88
00:08:53,820 –> 00:09:00,692
For example when I got the news
that my mother had died.

89
00:09:00,820 –> 00:09:04,096
I felt a very profound pain.

90
00:09:11,180 –> 00:09:15,970
Or when I got the news
of Che Guevara’s death…

91
00:09:16,100 –> 00:09:22,369
Ernesto “Che” Guevara (1928-1967)
Leader of the Cuban revolution.

92
00:09:22,500 –> 00:09:24,968
Killed in Bolivia.

93
00:09:26,420 –> 00:09:30,015
There are moments of very deep pain.

94
00:09:30,140 –> 00:09:37,820
It’s not only the news, but also
some events that I’ve witnessed.

96
00:09:42,500 –> 00:09:48,052
That’s the first time we claimed
someone to be deported.

97
00:09:48,180 –> 00:09:53,413
Such illegal actions have been
happening for a long time now.

98
00:09:53,540 –> 00:09:58,614
We wanted to win a battle
that didn’t concern justice-

99
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-but rather politics.

100
00:10:01,540 –> 00:10:04,691
I felt a special emotion-

101
00:10:04,820 –> 00:10:10,656
-when we received the
father’s request-

102
00:10:10,780 –> 00:10:14,056
-to claim for his boy to be
sent back.

103
00:10:14,180 –> 00:10:20,415
I realized from a legal point of view
we would never win the case in court.

104
00:10:20,540 –> 00:10:26,695
But first, I needed to know
who the father was.

105
00:10:26,820 –> 00:10:31,132
To undertake such a battle,
I need to feel I am right.

106
00:10:31,260 –> 00:10:36,254
They tried eight times.
The couple had eight miscarriages.

107
00:10:39,860 –> 00:10:44,809
It was their 8:th try. He Cried.
I felt sorry for him.

108
00:10:44,940 –> 00:10:50,014
I felt right away that it was fair-

109
00:10:50,140 –> 00:10:54,850
-and that we had to do what was
right. And I was not wrong.

112
00:11:06,500 –> 00:11:11,096
Actually it has never
crossed my mind.

113
00:11:11,220 –> 00:11:14,371
-Never crossed your mind?
-Never. No!

114
00:11:14,500 –> 00:11:18,413
Maybe it has something to do
with my confidence.

115
00:11:18,540 –> 00:11:23,614
I have never been asked that question.

116
00:11:26,580 –> 00:11:32,018
Perhaps, it’s due to the fact that
already as a small child-

117
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-I had to solve important problems.

118
00:11:38,700 –> 00:11:44,411
I was sent to Santiago, Cuba,
when I was 5 or 6 years old.

119
00:11:44,540 –> 00:11:48,499
That was my first hard experience.

120
00:11:48,620 –> 00:11:51,817
I got used to solving my own
problems.

122
00:11:59,300 –> 00:12:02,417
No, she was my ally.

123
00:12:02,540 –> 00:12:06,977
..when I demanded to be sent to
a boarding school she was my ally.

124
00:12:07,100 –> 00:12:12,174
My father had plenty of land
and my parents used it as farmland.

125
00:12:12,300 –> 00:12:17,693
But I demanded to be sent
back to school.

126
00:12:17,820 –> 00:12:21,290
That was my third battle.

127
00:12:21,420 –> 00:12:25,777
During the second year on
law school-

128
00:12:25,900 –> 00:12:29,688
-I got involved in an expedition-

129
00:12:29,820 –> 00:12:34,848
-to overthrow the regime in
Trujillo, Santo Domingo.

131
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Yes.

132
00:12:43,900 –> 00:12:49,213
-No, but they tried to torture me.

135
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He knew that I didn’t have either
money or resources.

136
00:13:02,340 –> 00:13:06,652
They underestimated us.

137
00:13:07,420 –> 00:13:11,936
-No, I don’t believe in destiny.

141
00:13:21,940 –> 00:13:24,295
I don’t believe in that.

142
00:13:24,420 –> 00:13:27,651
If I shared that feeling…

143
00:13:27,780 –> 00:13:33,218
…it would seem I had
reached the end as a leader.

144
00:13:33,340 –> 00:13:37,697
We have never given up our fight.

145
00:13:37,820 –> 00:13:39,856
Not for one second.

146
00:13:39,980 –> 00:13:46,533
And the day I die,
whatever the reason-

147
00:13:46,660 –> 00:13:52,496
-I wouldn’t think it was destiny
that pushed me to that end.

149
00:13:56,820 –> 00:14:02,178
Today I believe in a free Cuba-

150
00:14:02,300 –> 00:14:05,053
-in the future of our ideals.

151
00:14:05,180 –> 00:14:09,298
And maybe that will be the
great test of time.

154
00:14:21,020 –> 00:14:24,171
Yes. I admire Hemingway.

156
00:14:31,980 –> 00:14:35,609
Maybe it was his philosophy?

158
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-I would fight until I got killed.

159
00:14:47,220 –> 00:14:51,372
And if the situation was such-

160
00:14:51,500 –> 00:14:57,530
-that my gun stopped working
or my ammunition ran out-

161
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-My decision would be: Death!

162
00:15:01,460 –> 00:15:04,099
Without a doubt.

164
00:15:09,300 –> 00:15:12,098
I have never been a believer-

165
00:15:12,220 –> 00:15:20,013
-simply because of the methods
they used in school to persuade me-

166
00:15:20,140 –> 00:15:24,099
-about god, they were dogmatic methods.

168
00:15:29,140 –> 00:15:33,292
Yes, I’m totally confident it is.

170
00:15:40,340 –> 00:15:46,336
José Marti 1853-1895
Cuban national hero.

179
00:16:28,340 –> 00:16:30,900
Neither of the two.

180
00:16:33,980 –> 00:16:39,293
I always try to be rational.

181
00:16:42,220 –> 00:16:45,098
I have a vision what relative
glory can be like.

182
00:16:45,220 –> 00:16:48,530
José Marti expressed it
in a phrase:

183
00:16:48,660 –> 00:16:52,096
“All the glory of the world-

184
00:16:52,220 –> 00:16:55,371
-can be confined in a
grain of corn”.

185
00:16:57,300 –> 00:17:01,009
I have never thought about glory.

186
00:17:02,140 –> 00:17:07,931
I have never been thinking about
how I want to be remembered.

187
00:17:08,060 –> 00:17:10,574
History is a relative thing.

188
00:17:10,700 –> 00:17:14,613
The human species can be wiped out.

189
00:17:14,740 –> 00:17:17,254
The sun could stop shining.

190
00:17:18,740 –> 00:17:23,291
So what is then being a celebrity,
or being famous worth?

191
00:17:33,380 –> 00:17:36,770
One day, nothing will exist anymore.

193
00:17:53,300 –> 00:17:56,372
If it’s not attained relatively soon..

194
00:17:59,140 –> 00:18:03,372
..then the human species will be
obliterated.

195
00:18:05,220 –> 00:18:08,769
We can’t continue polluting
the environment-

196
00:18:08,900 –> 00:18:14,020
-continue to exploit our
natural resources-

197
00:18:14,140 –> 00:18:18,531
-and undermine the living
conditions of man.

198
00:18:18,660 –> 00:18:22,972
You don’t even have to
resort to mathematics.

199
00:18:23,100 –> 00:18:27,139
Simple arethmics would indicate-

200
00:18:27,260 –> 00:18:33,529
-the present problems must be solved,
or mankind won’t survive.

201
00:18:33,660 –> 00:18:40,133
Sometime during this new century-

202
00:18:40,260 –> 00:18:43,297
-common sense will win the war
over greed and ignorance-

203
00:18:43,420 –> 00:18:47,572
-and that man will survive.

204
00:18:47,700 –> 00:18:50,851
But in a very short period of time-

205
00:18:50,980 –> 00:18:56,577
-in 40 or 50 years, there will be
almost 10 billion people.

206
00:18:56,700 –> 00:19:02,491
It will not be worthwile to
live on the planet-

207
00:19:02,620 –> 00:19:05,692
-we have left.

209
00:19:13,460 –> 00:19:18,454
I think that society is
somewhat helpless against drugs.

210
00:19:23,780 –> 00:19:26,931
We have been able to protect
ourselves-

211
00:19:27,060 –> 00:19:30,370
-from the widespread use
of drugs.

212
00:19:30,500 –> 00:19:34,618
We have reduced the drug abuse
to a minimum.

213
00:19:34,740 –> 00:19:39,894
Cuba is a country with one of the
lowest percentage of drug users.

214
00:19:40,020 –> 00:19:46,858
I think that natural drugs will
be replaced by synthetic ones-

215
00:19:47,980 –> 00:19:51,575
-which are cheaper to produce.

217
00:19:56,740 –> 00:20:00,449
A change, rather than a revolution,
is possible –

218
00:20:00,580 –> 00:20:05,700
-since the current order in my
view is unsustainable.

220
00:20:10,540 –> 00:20:15,409
May 1959, Nationalization
of American companies in Cuba

221
00:20:19,500 –> 00:20:24,210
Number 24.. United Fruit Company.

222
00:20:29,100 –> 00:20:34,652
I have been critical, but it would
work better here than in India.

223
00:20:34,780 –> 00:20:38,090
I have mentioned it
as an example of-

224
00:20:38,220 –> 00:20:42,736
-the tendency towards a
homogeneous culture-

225
00:20:42,860 –> 00:20:46,375
-and the destruction of
a cultural identity.

226
00:20:48,300 –> 00:20:54,819
A culture derived from the nation
with power and media control.

227
00:20:56,420 –> 00:21:01,369
Variedades Obispo
Cuban National Store, Habana

228
00:21:07,500 –> 00:21:12,449
1960 – USA introduces an embargo
that still today is enforced.

229
00:21:21,620 –> 00:21:25,135
This story is well known.

230
00:21:25,260 –> 00:21:30,175
[1975 – FN Building]
[New York City, USA]

231
00:21:30,300 –> 00:21:34,088
-that the colony could be freed-

232
00:21:34,220 –> 00:21:37,212
-and the different groups
could be organized.

233
00:21:37,340 –> 00:21:41,049
The Cabinda province is
filled with oil.

234
00:21:41,180 –> 00:21:46,459
That’s one of the reasons the
imperialists want the power in Angola.

235
00:21:48,620 –> 00:21:51,418
They organized the FNLA…

236
00:21:53,180 –> 00:21:55,853
…with a little help from CIA.

237
00:22:00,180 –> 00:22:02,978
Some imperialists ask themselves..

238
00:22:03,100 –> 00:22:07,013
…why the Cubans are helping
Angola.

239
00:22:07,140 –> 00:22:09,495
[1975 Fidel Castro sends]
[30 000 men to Angola]

240
00:22:09,620 –> 00:22:11,929
[As an answer to]
[The Apartheid regime’s invasion of Angola]

241
00:22:12,060 –> 00:22:16,099
They are used to countries
co-operating just to get oil-

242
00:22:16,220 –> 00:22:20,008
-copper, diamonds
or other natural resources.

243
00:22:20,140 –> 00:22:25,134
No, our interests are not of
any materialistic nature.

244
00:22:25,260 –> 00:22:29,139
It’s simply logicial that the
imperialists don’t understand that.

245
00:22:29,260 –> 00:22:33,890
Their norms are based on
chauvinism, nationalism och egotism.

246
00:22:34,020 –> 00:22:40,732
We carry out our international duty
when helping the people of Angola.

247
00:22:40,860 –> 00:22:45,729
[The South African army]
[Retreating from Angola 1988]

248
00:23:05,220 –> 00:23:07,575
That one is nice.

249
00:23:07,700 –> 00:23:11,818
We have about 120 paintings.
We did not go to the museum.

250
00:23:11,940 –> 00:23:15,091
Look at this. The work he made.

251
00:23:15,220 –> 00:23:20,772
Porto Carrero.
He painted the town.

252
00:23:25,220 –> 00:23:30,169
This is the swamp..and the main land.

254
00:23:41,780 –> 00:23:47,377
Hardly nothing. I haven’t watched
a film for 10 years.

255
00:23:47,500 –> 00:23:53,814
I have been busy all the time.
I haven’t had any holiday.

256
00:23:53,940 –> 00:24:01,176
Ever since the collapse of
the social structure-

257
00:24:01,300 –> 00:24:05,851
-our patience has been tested
numerous times-

258
00:24:05,980 –> 00:24:11,213
-the double blockade for instance.
I haven’t had any time off.

259
00:24:11,340 –> 00:24:15,618
-I think so, but on video.

261
00:24:18,300 –> 00:24:24,455
Yes, I saw “Titanic”.
On video as well.

262
00:24:24,580 –> 00:24:28,493
That one you really have to watch
on the big screen.

263
00:24:29,620 –> 00:24:33,454
It was an interesting film.
Almost like a theatrical play.

264
00:24:34,660 –> 00:24:41,850
-Almost all of them,
but I can’t remember anymore.

265
00:24:41,980 –> 00:24:47,213
-I can’t remember their names.

266
00:24:47,340 –> 00:24:51,128
-Sophia… The Italian.
-Sophia Loren.

267
00:24:51,260 –> 00:24:56,175
Yes, Sophia Loren.
I remember. She was one them.

268
00:24:57,420 –> 00:25:02,175
I’m also a big fan of
Brigitte Bardot.

270
00:25:05,220 –> 00:25:07,575
Charlie Chaplin.

271
00:25:07,700 –> 00:25:11,818
I can watch his films
over and over again.

272
00:25:11,940 –> 00:25:15,410
The films of Cantinfla I can
also see over and over again.

273
00:25:15,540 –> 00:25:20,489
And I have seen some of
Gérard Depardieu’s films.

274
00:25:20,620 –> 00:25:26,217
When he played the chef of Ludvig XIV,
where he had to gain weight.

275
00:25:26,340 –> 00:25:30,219
But he gained too much weight,
and he remained fat.

276
00:25:30,340 –> 00:25:34,333
He is extremely funny.
I have met him a couple of times.

282
00:26:03,220 –> 00:26:08,055
You feel satisfied when you see
the support you’re getting.

283
00:26:09,300 –> 00:26:12,576
But it seems to me,
that in the last couple of years-

284
00:26:12,700 –> 00:26:20,892
-after the kidnapping of Elian
Gonzalez we’ve had mass rallies-

285
00:26:21,020 –> 00:26:25,457
-Far greater than those during
the inital part of the revolution.

287
00:26:32,260 –> 00:26:39,575
-Now people will think I’m a liar.

288
00:26:39,700 –> 00:26:42,168
But I’ve told the truth.

289
00:26:42,300 –> 00:26:50,093
The question about the feeble and
the strong man hasn’t been raised.

290
00:26:50,220 –> 00:26:56,090
I don’t read everything that’s
written about me in the states,

292
00:27:02,140 –> 00:27:06,019
Maybe I’m answering this
question subjectively.

293
00:27:06,140 –> 00:27:11,294
Normally I’m very self-critical.

294
00:27:15,060 –> 00:27:20,896
Maybe not concerning things I’ve
done, or all my mistakes…

295
00:27:23,500 –> 00:27:28,449
…but when it comes to things
I’ve could have done better.

296
00:27:32,660 –> 00:27:37,176
Sometimes we’re even ashamed
of the things we’ve done.

297
00:27:40,780 –> 00:27:46,218
But we have managed to do ten times
more than other countries in Latin America.

298
00:27:46,340 –> 00:27:51,130
[Eva “Evita” Peron – Presidents Wife]
[Argentina, 1945-1952]

299
00:27:52,300 –> 00:27:58,694
We found a country where 30 %
of the population were illiterate-

300
00:27:58,820 –> 00:28:03,655
-and where 60 % had hugh problems
reading and writing.

301
00:28:03,780 –> 00:28:07,170
And I don’t think I’m exaggerating-

302
00:28:07,300 –> 00:28:14,729
-if I say that 10% of the population
were educated.

303
00:28:17,300 –> 00:28:23,250
At the time of the victory
of the revolution there were-

304
00:28:23,380 –> 00:28:31,014
-between 30 000 and 40 000
persons with an university degree.

305
00:28:33,300 –> 00:28:37,339
Today there’s 700 000.

306
00:28:37,460 –> 00:28:42,170
It’s one of the biggest victories
of this revolution-

307
00:28:42,300 –> 00:28:45,417
-that even the prostitutes have
university degrees.

308
00:28:45,540 –> 00:28:50,773
Do you know how many prostitues
there were before the revolution?

309
00:28:50,900 –> 00:28:54,859
100 000.
Now, there is way less.

310
00:28:54,980 –> 00:28:58,973
One becomes aware of-

311
00:28:59,100 –> 00:29:04,697
-things we could have done better,
when you discover the possibillites.

312
00:30:14,220 –> 00:30:19,340
The camera man tells me it’s
better you’re on this side.

313
00:30:35,940 –> 00:30:41,492
-I don’t know. I don’t smoke any longer.

314
00:30:41,620 –> 00:30:48,890
-Maybe it’s candy?

316
00:30:58,820 –> 00:31:03,371
I usually carry a gun with me,
but I’ve removed it.

322
00:31:40,980 –> 00:31:45,735
Luckily I don’t carry any
secret papers with me.

325
00:32:08,700 –> 00:32:14,969
Maybe more in the past. Back then
I wasn’t tied to the office as much.

326
00:32:21,580 –> 00:32:28,099
[Latin American School of Medicine]
[Habana, Cuba]

330
00:32:52,820 –> 00:33:01,216
There has always been doubts,
when you use a scope-

331
00:33:01,340 –> 00:33:05,697
-it’s very hard to get back
to the target on the 2:nd shot.

332
00:33:05,820 –> 00:33:11,690
It recoils, and you have to
find the target very quickly.

333
00:33:11,820 –> 00:33:18,737
I have never believed the theory
that it was one man.

334
00:33:18,860 –> 00:33:25,652
If you aim well, all you could
acheive is one good shot.

335
00:33:25,780 –> 00:33:29,489
The possibilites that it was a
conspiracy are very high.

336
00:33:29,620 –> 00:33:34,569
And the strange thing that
the assumed killer was killed…

337
00:33:35,900 –> 00:33:41,770
It’s all difficult to believe.

339
00:33:51,060 –> 00:33:54,609
Yes, visit the school.
Walk around.

340
00:33:54,740 –> 00:34:00,337
-Can I leave my bag here?
-Yes, it’s safe.

341
00:34:00,460 –> 00:34:04,419
-If you don’t have secret papers.

342
00:35:11,820 –> 00:35:14,095
-Where are you from?
-Nicaragua.

343
00:35:14,220 –> 00:35:16,450
-Venezuela.
-Guatemala.

345
00:35:22,540 –> 00:35:25,657
It’s free of charge for them.

347
00:35:54,100 –> 00:35:59,697
Dominican-American,
Thanks for letting me study here.

348
00:35:59,820 –> 00:36:03,733
She is Dominican-American.

355
00:36:43,380 –> 00:36:49,296
And during the years prior
to the revolution-

356
00:36:49,420 –> 00:36:55,370
-a great number of women died
in illegal abortions.

357
00:36:57,220 –> 00:37:02,453
And others suffer from the
consequences.

358
00:37:02,580 –> 00:37:05,572
Today it’s a mother’s choice.

360
00:37:11,100 –> 00:37:15,218
It’s not common, because women
of today are better educated.

361
00:37:18,340 –> 00:37:24,051
They want to work, study
and be a part of society.

362
00:37:24,180 –> 00:37:28,617
I think we have spoiled their class
for today so we’re going to leave now.

374
00:39:00,580 –> 00:39:05,131
He was a man with good intentions-

375
00:39:05,260 –> 00:39:10,539
-whose country needed improvements,
not destruction. He destroyed it.

396
00:41:21,940 –> 00:41:25,250
[Conference Center, Habana, Cuba]

397
00:41:30,220 –> 00:41:33,371
[Fidel Castro Jr. – Nuclear Physicist]
[Fidel Castro III – Grandson, Student]

399
00:41:45,060 –> 00:41:48,939
[Juan Almeida]
[Revolutionary leader]

400
00:41:49,060 –> 00:41:53,212
-Did they say:
“Castro doesn’t know what he’s doing”?

401
00:41:53,340 –> 00:41:56,616
Nobody ever complained about Castro.

402
00:41:56,740 –> 00:42:03,213
Some complained about the living
conditions and wondered-

403
00:42:03,340 –> 00:42:06,696
-what was supposed to follow.

405
00:42:09,020 –> 00:42:13,889
We were inspired by independant
Cubans who were brave warriors.

406
00:42:14,020 –> 00:42:18,889
Máximo Gómez, Marti, Maceo,
who organized an invasion…

407
00:42:20,860 –> 00:42:26,139
30 years of machetes and horses.
They inspired us throughout.

408
00:42:26,260 –> 00:42:31,573
The tactics we used was a
product of mere observation-

409
00:42:31,700 –> 00:42:35,249
-and meditation-

410
00:42:35,380 –> 00:42:37,769
-and inspiration.

412
00:42:44,220 –> 00:42:48,179
I met him the first time
in march of 1959.

413
00:42:49,940 –> 00:42:52,818
He was vice president.

414
00:42:52,940 –> 00:42:56,012
We spoke to each other.

415
00:42:56,140 –> 00:43:01,851
I explained to him the Cuban problems
and my idea for the future.

416
00:43:01,980 –> 00:43:04,938
He immediately wrote a draft.

417
00:43:06,740 –> 00:43:12,337
In which he said that
I was a communist.

418
00:43:14,460 –> 00:43:17,577
Just talking about a
land reform back then-

419
00:43:17,700 –> 00:43:21,010
-could get you listed
as a communist.

420
00:43:21,140 –> 00:43:25,019
I would say that from the
very beginning-

421
00:43:25,140 –> 00:43:28,769
-I got the impression that
he was just a hypocrite-

422
00:43:28,900 –> 00:43:32,495
-and just a petty politican.

423
00:43:32,620 –> 00:43:35,088
Conceited.

424
00:43:35,220 –> 00:43:39,008
He recommended an expedition-

425
00:43:39,140 –> 00:43:43,099
-to crush the Cuban revolution.

427
00:43:54,540 –> 00:43:58,055
When we were deprived of the
sugar quota-

428
00:43:58,180 –> 00:44:04,050
-the United States were left
without market of sugar or oil.

429
00:44:06,020 –> 00:44:08,614
It was a economo-political moment.

430
00:44:08,740 –> 00:44:13,097
We had a sentiment of gratitude
towards the Soviet Union-

431
00:44:13,220 –> 00:44:20,171
-but it was not yet a political
commitment, or a military one.

432
00:44:20,300 –> 00:44:25,533
The fact of the matter is that
the expedition was organized…

433
00:44:28,220 –> 00:44:32,930
…in Guatemala, against Cuba
prior to the invasion “Bay of pigs”.

434
00:44:33,060 –> 00:44:40,740
So, then we were buying weapons
from the Soviet Union.

435
00:44:40,860 –> 00:44:48,540
Kennedy inherited the invasion plans
from the Eisenhower administration.

436
00:44:49,780 –> 00:44:53,295
Plans that were already in
process of being executed.

437
00:44:53,420 –> 00:44:57,493
Just after two months the
invasion plans were set to work.

438
00:44:57,620 –> 00:45:02,853
Kennedy was an inexperienced
president.

439
00:45:02,980 –> 00:45:06,973
He trusted the institutions
too much.

441
00:45:14,700 –> 00:45:18,659
[Stevenson, US Ambassadeur]
[FN 1961]

442
00:45:25,340 –> 00:45:27,297
[April 1:st 1961]

443
00:45:27,340 –> 00:45:29,297
John F. Kennedy inherits a war.
against Castro’s communist regime.

445
00:45:29,820 –> 00:45:33,369
It culminates in the “Bay of pigs”,
where CIA-trained exile Cubans-

446
00:45:33,500 –> 00:45:36,458
-try to overthrow Castro.

447
00:45:36,580 –> 00:45:40,539
The 3-day invasion is a hugh failure.
1200 attackers are taken prisoners.

448
00:45:40,660 –> 00:45:44,653
Exile Cubans blame Kennedy for
refusing air support.

449
00:45:47,220 –> 00:45:52,692
The reason for having missils here-

450
00:45:52,820 –> 00:45:56,096
-is that the Soviet Union had
information that –

451
00:45:56,220 –> 00:46:01,374
-there was a plan to invade Cuba.

453
00:46:07,140 –> 00:46:12,578
Even under the invasion he
made very strong statements.

454
00:46:14,980 –> 00:46:21,658
He talked about strategic missiles
and insinuated that Cuba needed support.

455
00:46:21,780 –> 00:46:25,614
And there was a moral issue to
consider as well.

456
00:46:25,740 –> 00:46:29,096
We did not like the idea of
Soviet missiles here.

457
00:46:29,220 –> 00:46:33,054
We had taken all necessary
security actions-

458
00:46:35,820 –> 00:46:41,417
-rather than to have a Soviet
military base situated here.

459
00:46:43,820 –> 00:46:51,659
From a military point of view,
the Russians didn’t do a good job-

460
00:46:51,780 –> 00:46:56,058
-They allowed American planes to map
the whole area and to locate the missiles.

461
00:46:57,780 –> 00:47:04,174
They put our country in great danger.
We thought we were going to be obliterated.

462
00:47:04,300 –> 00:47:07,849
That we were the first ones to
be obliterated.

465
00:47:19,260 –> 00:47:24,015
-Socialism or death.
-It might have been interpreted that way.

466
00:47:24,140 –> 00:47:31,615
I didn’t say: “Strike first”
I said: “If this country is attacked..”

467
00:47:34,140 –> 00:47:42,570
“If this country with 40 000
Soviet soldiers are attacked..”

468
00:47:45,060 –> 00:47:51,169
I was sure that,
after the bay of pigs…

469
00:47:53,300 –> 00:47:57,737
…that an American attack
would just be a matter of time.

470
00:47:58,940 –> 00:48:06,699
We did not have a Russian interpretor.
We only had a Russian ambassadeur-

471
00:48:06,820 –> 00:48:15,171
-who didn’t speak very good Spanish.
I wrote the letter myself.

472
00:48:17,900 –> 00:48:21,529
I doubt that he received a
clear statement.

473
00:48:21,660 –> 00:48:28,213
I can’t imagine how the letter
was translated at all.

474
00:48:32,180 –> 00:48:38,176
Then, Chrusjtjov sent a letter where he
defended himself towards the accusations.

475
00:48:38,300 –> 00:48:43,328
He said that he had obtained guarantees
from the United States that-

476
00:48:43,460 –> 00:48:47,612
-Cuba would not be invaded.
An oral agreement of course.

477
00:48:47,740 –> 00:48:54,259
And he said that we had suggested
to strike first.

481
00:49:13,860 –> 00:49:17,375
[Oktober 1962]
The Russian head of state Chrusjtjov
places nuclear missiles-

482
00:49:17,500 –> 00:49:21,015
-on Cuba and builds a Soviet
military base on the western hemisphere.

483
00:49:21,140 –> 00:49:24,610
President Kennedy defends himself
with an embargo-

484
00:49:24,740 –> 00:49:28,210
-and stops all transports
of weapons from Soviet.

485
00:49:28,340 –> 00:49:31,969
Kennedy was emotionally involved.

486
00:49:32,100 –> 00:49:37,936
He believed what Chrusjtjov said.
It became a game of words.

487
00:49:38,060 –> 00:49:43,930
Chrusjtjov used a naive and
superficial statement-

488
00:49:44,060 –> 00:49:46,449
[A. Gromyko]
[Soviet Foreign Minister of affairs]

489
00:49:46,580 –> 00:49:50,971
-based on his intentions
with certain weapons.

490
00:49:53,220 –> 00:49:57,179
He said that they were not intended
for offensive use.

491
00:49:57,300 –> 00:50:00,736
Therefor they were not
offensive weapons.

493
00:50:07,300 –> 00:50:14,934
No, we were simply afraid that
they wouldn’t be destroyed…

494
00:50:16,220 –> 00:50:22,011
..and that we would suffer from
the radioactive leakage.

495
00:50:28,860 –> 00:50:31,932
After 13 days, the Russians agreed
to remove the missiles-

496
00:50:32,060 –> 00:50:35,132
-if USA didn’t invade Cuba.

498
00:50:42,500 –> 00:50:46,175
That the Guantánamo base
should be returned-

499
00:50:46,300 –> 00:50:49,178
-the removal of the blockade-

500
00:50:49,300 –> 00:50:53,418
-the end of terror attacks…

501
00:50:53,540 –> 00:50:55,849
Five issues altogether.

505
00:51:16,220 –> 00:51:21,089
Yes, that is what they did,
and that’s what I wrote about.
They put our interests aside.

507
00:51:25,300 –> 00:51:28,372
A great tension was created
all around the world.

508
00:51:28,500 –> 00:51:33,369
Nobody wanted a nuclear war-

509
00:51:33,500 –> 00:51:39,211
-over an American military base in Cuba,
or an economic blockade against Cuba.

510
00:51:42,220 –> 00:51:46,008
Nobody would have started a nuclear war
over that.

511
00:51:47,300 –> 00:51:50,975
We were inexperienced.

512
00:51:52,100 –> 00:51:56,696
We could not pretend to have more
experience than we had.

513
00:51:56,820 –> 00:52:03,419
We didn’t know anything about
the balance of power.

514
00:52:03,540 –> 00:52:10,139
At the time of the invasion,
the revolution was just 2 years old.

515
00:52:10,260 –> 00:52:14,617
By the time of the missile crisis it was
three and a half years old.

516
00:52:17,020 –> 00:52:24,608
It seems to me, we did what we had to do.
And we did it pretty well.

517
00:52:24,740 –> 00:52:28,892
But i don’t think we would have
known…

518
00:52:31,220 –> 00:52:36,169
…just how erratic our
allies could be.

519
00:52:36,300 –> 00:52:42,773
They did not understand the 3:rd world
or our operations there.

520
00:52:43,980 –> 00:52:47,177
They just thought about
tank brigades-

521
00:52:47,300 –> 00:52:53,409
-artillery och motorized infantry.
Troups in general.

522
00:52:53,540 –> 00:52:58,056
Irregular warfare cannot be fought
with that kind of troups.

523
00:52:58,180 –> 00:53:03,652
They’re only good for parades. We have
dedicated ourselves to irregular warfare-

524
00:53:03,780 –> 00:53:08,331
-and triumphed over
traditional warfare.

527
00:53:33,100 –> 00:53:37,696
It would at least have been an
expected behaviour from the USA.

528
00:53:37,820 –> 00:53:42,177
It was not the only
American intervention.

529
00:53:42,300 –> 00:53:47,772
Santo Domingo and some other places
in Central America were intervened.

530
00:53:47,900 –> 00:53:51,734
CIA existed back then of course.

531
00:53:51,860 –> 00:53:57,617
-Yes, everybody knew this.

532
00:53:57,740 –> 00:54:00,095
Except the Americans.

533
00:54:00,220 –> 00:54:07,137
Yes, all the Americans hear, is that
it’s a “communist regime”-

534
00:54:07,260 –> 00:54:13,893
-that’s a “danger to the national
security” And that’s a sacred phrase.

535
00:54:16,020 –> 00:54:21,333
Whenever that phrase is used,
the effect is merely a reflex.

536
00:54:21,460 –> 00:54:25,419
“US national security…”

537
00:54:29,420 –> 00:54:32,014
That’s a sacred phrase.

539
00:54:44,100 –> 00:54:51,450
No, there were Cubans that studied
the experiences of the Vietnamese.

540
00:54:51,580 –> 00:54:55,698
-I don’t think more than 20.

541
00:54:55,820 –> 00:55:00,940
I’m not totally sure about this,
but it was a small group of people.

542
00:55:01,060 –> 00:55:07,169
There has later been rumors
that we had security advisors there-

543
00:55:07,300 –> 00:55:13,170
-and that these advisors participated
in torturing prisoners of war.

544
00:55:13,300 –> 00:55:16,178
This is an absolute lie.

549
00:55:39,300 –> 00:55:44,897
If this was true you could be sure
that we would’ve taken those people to court.

550
00:55:46,180 –> 00:55:49,138
Believe us or not.

551
00:55:49,260 –> 00:55:53,492
I assure you that in 43 years of
revolution

552
00:55:55,460 –> 00:56:00,488
..we have never used torture.
That principal we adopted since the war.

553
00:56:00,620 –> 00:56:06,650
It was Batista’s methods, and we would
never use them.

554
00:56:06,780 –> 00:56:10,773
The Vietnamese didn’t want
any foreigners in their army.

555
00:56:10,900 –> 00:56:17,089
They never asked the Chinese or
the Russians for help.

556
00:56:17,220 –> 00:56:22,169
-Yes.

557
00:56:22,300 –> 00:56:25,417
Very nationalistic.

558
00:56:25,540 –> 00:56:29,215
The Vietnamese were not criminals.

559
00:56:29,340 –> 00:56:34,130
They didn’t execute their prisoners.

560
00:56:34,260 –> 00:56:39,380
-You should know better than I.

561
00:56:39,500 –> 00:56:46,178
You know that there were an invasion.
1500 soldiers. 1200 were taken prisoners.

562
00:56:47,300 –> 00:56:50,292
The battle lasted for 68 hours.

563
00:56:52,020 –> 00:56:57,094
Hundreds were injured, and
more than a hundred died.

564
00:56:57,220 –> 00:57:03,659
We were attacked by planes
disguised as Cuban planes.

565
00:57:05,220 –> 00:57:10,248
That was a source of irritation-

566
00:57:12,140 –> 00:57:15,177
-and a tremendous anger
for the people.

567
00:57:15,300 –> 00:57:22,172
I want you to tell me if any of
1200 prisoners were tortured.

568
00:57:22,300 –> 00:57:26,851
I came there myself.
Ask anyone, ask Almeida.

569
00:57:26,980 –> 00:57:33,135
Go to the streets and ask people if
they’ve ever heard of anybody being tortured.

570
00:57:35,300 –> 00:57:42,490
It doesn’t fit our way of life, and it
doesn’t go together with our morals.

573
00:57:52,380 –> 00:57:56,771
[Huber Matos, Major]
[Sentenced to 25 years for treason]

575
00:58:00,100 –> 00:58:03,570
The merits of war were minimal.

577
00:58:11,820 –> 00:58:14,175
The trial took place here.

578
00:58:14,300 –> 00:58:18,452
I went to court with all
the papers, all the evidence-

579
00:58:18,580 –> 00:58:22,129
-and he was sentenced to 25
years in prison.

580
00:58:22,260 –> 00:58:26,936
He performed a treacherous act.
A dangerous act.

581
00:58:30,780 –> 00:58:34,659
[Museum of modern art]
[Habana, Cuba]

584
00:59:32,820 –> 00:59:38,611
If we tell them where we are going
there will be alot of people.

588
01:01:46,740 –> 01:01:51,131
We can tell mr Reagan…

589
01:01:52,980 –> 01:01:57,815
..that we aren’t scared
of his threats.

590
01:01:57,940 –> 01:02:02,058
What is a dictator?
Does anybody really know?

591
01:02:02,180 –> 01:02:10,178
Is it bad to be a dictator?
‘Cause I have seen American governments-

592
01:02:10,300 –> 01:02:14,179
-Being friends with the biggest
dictators that ever lived.

593
01:02:14,300 –> 01:02:18,851
Karl Marx talks about the dictatorship
within the proletarian movements-

594
01:02:18,980 –> 01:02:21,892
-Not of personal dictatorship.

595
01:02:27,180 –> 01:02:31,696
I have always tried to solve
the basic problems-

596
01:02:31,820 –> 01:02:37,452
-through persuation and
moral authority.

597
01:02:37,580 –> 01:02:41,289
You will not find a single picture
from the last 43 years-

598
01:02:41,420 –> 01:02:44,537
-where the police is oppressing
the people.

600
01:02:53,420 –> 01:02:58,938
What do they mean?
They deny me as a dictator?

604
01:03:13,260 –> 01:03:17,811
I don’t see the similarity,
but I do think that Evita Perón-

605
01:03:17,940 –> 01:03:25,938
-struggled for people’s rights.
She fought for her ideals-

606
01:03:26,060 –> 01:03:31,692
-and actually got a bigger
support than her husband, Perón.

607
01:03:31,820 –> 01:03:36,336
I’m not offended by the fact that
you compare her to me.

608
01:03:42,900 –> 01:03:50,295
I haven’t borrowed ideas. I have always
done what I thought what was right.

609
01:03:50,420 –> 01:03:58,134
I confess to myself being a dictator.
My own personal dictator.

610
01:03:58,260 –> 01:04:03,129
I’m a slave to my people,
that’s exactly what I am.

615
01:04:26,900 –> 01:04:30,609
It was his imagination.

616
01:04:30,740 –> 01:04:34,096
Look at him.

617
01:04:34,220 –> 01:04:39,692
What we did today,
we can do in any neighborhood.

618
01:04:39,820 –> 01:04:44,655
In any street of Habana, we can
do the same thing. Walk by ourselves.

622
01:05:02,860 –> 01:05:09,015
In every state there’s a
bureaucracy.

624
01:05:17,820 –> 01:05:24,498
I don’t like….
We are talking about different things.

625
01:05:24,620 –> 01:05:27,259
I don’t give orders,
I convince people.

626
01:05:27,380 –> 01:05:33,250
I talk to much sometimes, but that’s
simply because I like convincing people.

627
01:05:33,380 –> 01:05:37,532
I speak in a simple manor.
Almost like a conversation.

628
01:05:56,380 –> 01:05:59,338
I have trouble sitting still.

632
01:06:21,453 –> 01:06:27,244
The pope said recently that
the theory of evolution-

633
01:06:27,373 –> 01:06:31,366
-is not reconsilable-

634
01:06:31,493 –> 01:06:35,452
-with the doctrine of creation.

635
01:06:35,573 –> 01:06:40,203
The pope does not speak
about hell-

636
01:06:40,333 –> 01:06:43,643
-he talks about the fear of god.

638
01:06:47,253 –> 01:06:52,247
I don’t believe in everything
that man has created.

641
01:07:02,173 –> 01:07:04,733
It depends.

642
01:07:04,853 –> 01:07:12,248
If religion is used to create
values or to comfort people-

643
01:07:12,373 –> 01:07:20,929
-then, that’s not an opiate. But if
it’s used to support bad things..

644
01:07:22,253 –> 01:07:29,329
…then it might be an opiate.
Religion comforts many people-

646
01:07:34,653 –> 01:07:39,852
-I feel very pleased with my life..

647
01:07:39,973 –> 01:07:43,124
…and the things I’ve accomplished.

648
01:07:43,253 –> 01:07:48,327
It gives me pleasure when new ideas
creates succesful solutions.

649
01:07:50,253 –> 01:07:57,603
I’m constantly pleased with
the revolutionary work.

650
01:07:57,733 –> 01:08:00,611
I wouldn’t consider to trade
my life with someone else.

653
01:08:15,293 –> 01:08:22,643
Yes, I think that the values that
people have are important.

654
01:08:22,773 –> 01:08:30,771
You should do something worthwile
in life, no just by being a role model.

655
01:08:30,893 –> 01:08:38,368
Yes, everything is based around
giving our people possibillities-

656
01:08:38,493 –> 01:08:43,772
-to develop their full potentials-

657
01:08:43,893 –> 01:08:48,569
-Both in the field of health
and education.

658
01:08:48,693 –> 01:08:52,049
We try to cultivate certain values.

659
01:08:58,213 –> 01:09:01,762
One of the most admirable
things about Fidel is that-

660
01:09:01,893 –> 01:09:06,330
-he’s a historic man,
a role model-

661
01:09:06,453 –> 01:09:09,445
-who constantly refers to his
own personal experiences.

662
01:09:09,573 –> 01:09:14,966
But he doesn’t live in the past.
He tells us what the future brings.

663
01:09:20,373 –> 01:09:26,130
-People will live forever.
-We can live for 120 år.

664
01:09:26,253 –> 01:09:29,404
Turtles can be 300 years old.

665
01:09:29,533 –> 01:09:35,165
Could we modify the genes
and live longer? It could be better.

666
01:09:35,293 –> 01:09:41,129
Researchers should be working on that.
It could be the source of youth.

667
01:09:41,253 –> 01:09:47,567
If a man could live for 500 years
we would end up being bored.

668
01:09:50,573 –> 01:09:54,168
-So he doesn’t want to live forever?
-No.

669
01:09:54,293 –> 01:09:57,842
My mind has adjusted to the thought
that I can’t live forever-

670
01:09:57,973 –> 01:10:01,682
-There’s a time limit.
-A deadline.

672
01:10:06,133 –> 01:10:10,206
Also to think?
Viagra helps thinking?

673
01:10:10,333 –> 01:10:17,330
The doctors say that it helps
with the blood circulation.

674
01:10:17,453 –> 01:10:21,605
-I could be a CIA agent.
-Correct. Headlines will be:

675
01:10:21,733 –> 01:10:26,045
“Oliver Stone travels to habana
to give Viagra to Castro!”

676
01:10:29,533 –> 01:10:35,085
If they believe in America that you
could kill the enemy with a heart attack.

677
01:10:38,453 –> 01:10:42,571
You’ll be decorated
The decoration you didn’t get in Vietnam.

680
01:10:53,853 –> 01:10:59,962
That’s the courage you need now
to do what you do.

682
01:11:22,173 –> 01:11:26,132
It all depends if it will be
within 20 years…

683
01:11:28,293 –> 01:11:33,048
…within 10 years or 6 months.

684
01:11:34,973 –> 01:11:40,252
Since I always has been in danger
being killed in one of those attempts-

685
01:11:40,373 –> 01:11:46,721
-since the initial revolution, I’ve
always thought: “Who could have the-

686
01:11:46,853 –> 01:11:52,644
-authority to continue the revolution”
It’s not going to be easy.

687
01:11:52,773 –> 01:11:56,448
I have more confidence in the ideas-

688
01:11:56,573 –> 01:12:00,327
-and the political culture
of our people-

689
01:12:00,453 –> 01:12:03,365
-than in the men themselves.

691
01:12:11,853 –> 01:12:16,369
-Who is he talking about?
-About me.

714
01:14:23,093 –> 01:14:31,566
It has been a habit in my mind
that I don’t feel it’s my right to
talk about any public relation
I had with a lady.

715
01:14:32,293 –> 01:14:35,012
That’s the first rule in my life.

728
01:15:41,013 –> 01:15:46,645
[Celia Sanchez died in cancer 1980]

734
01:16:15,373 –> 01:16:21,767
1959: Fidel Castro stars in
Edward R. Murrows “Person to Person”

738
01:16:38,373 –> 01:16:44,972
As a politician and a revolutionaire
I refuse to mix family with politics.

739
01:16:45,093 –> 01:16:51,726
The whole idea behind a “first lady”
to me seems ridiculous.

740
01:16:51,853 –> 01:16:57,769
As for my children, I haven’t
had much time for them.

741
01:16:57,893 –> 01:17:05,163
If you’re going to measure my parental
quality judging by the time I spent-

742
01:17:05,293 –> 01:17:09,252
-Perhaps I haven’t a very good father.
-I haven’t had much time.

743
01:17:09,373 –> 01:17:13,207
But I’m fully sensitive to my children-

744
01:17:13,333 –> 01:17:19,408
-and their needs, and I’m very sorry
I don’t have more time to share with them.

745
01:17:22,213 –> 01:17:28,243
When I’m with them, I try to make
the most of that time.

749
01:17:58,893 –> 01:18:01,771
That’s a wrong question…

750
01:18:04,453 –> 01:18:10,767
..since it’s based on the assumption
that we don’t have an electorial system-

751
01:18:10,893 –> 01:18:15,250
-and that we don’t have elections in Cuba.

752
01:18:15,373 –> 01:18:19,252
Possibly, our elections can often
be more democratic than in other countries.

753
01:18:19,373 –> 01:18:26,563
I think you ought to study the
Cuban election system and our methods.

754
01:18:28,293 –> 01:18:34,243
All the citizens are participating
in shape of delegates from all regions.

755
01:18:34,373 –> 01:18:38,764
The parties don’t choose their
candidates, the people do.

756
01:18:38,893 –> 01:18:42,772
The citizens chooses and nominates
their choice of candidates.

757
01:18:42,893 –> 01:18:46,966
You can’t assume we don’t have
elections here in Cuba.

759
01:18:54,293 –> 01:18:58,844
At the beginning of the revolution
there was in our country-

760
01:18:58,973 –> 01:19:02,761
-a male-chauvinistic spirit…

761
01:19:10,253 –> 01:19:13,165
and prejudice against the
gay community.

762
01:19:13,293 –> 01:19:17,650
That is something that has
faded away during the years-

763
01:19:17,773 –> 01:19:26,090
-Today people practically
are not prejudice anymore.

764
01:19:26,213 –> 01:19:32,243
It was hard because we lived
in a chauvinistic society…

766
01:19:36,293 –> 01:19:39,365
The black population was the poorest.

767
01:19:43,013 –> 01:19:45,811
They are the ones that
benefited the most from the revolution.

768
01:19:45,933 –> 01:19:50,643
Thanks to Fidel,
“I now have what I deserve” as he said it.

769
01:19:52,453 –> 01:19:57,004
It’s all thanks to him.
Trust me.

770
01:19:57,133 –> 01:20:00,364
The most revolutionary here are
the blacks.

772
01:20:07,293 –> 01:20:13,129
Yes, we have black political leaders,
but we aren’t pleased yet..

773
01:20:13,253 –> 01:20:19,601
We haven’t reached the maximum
possibillities for equality between races.

775
01:20:26,893 –> 01:20:31,728
They have entered a phase where
the cease-fire has been lifted-

776
01:20:31,853 –> 01:20:36,449
-and all the negotiations have
been terminated.

777
01:20:38,293 –> 01:20:43,083
It could lead to a very bloody war.

778
01:20:44,413 –> 01:20:49,168
-So he sees another Vietnam?
-I see a civil war coming.

779
01:20:49,293 –> 01:20:53,605
I can’t compare it to Vietnam-

780
01:20:53,733 –> 01:20:59,046
-because historic events never repeat
themselves exactly the same way.

781
01:20:59,173 –> 01:21:05,806
It’s going to be a complicated war,because
many different forces are involved.

784
01:21:22,253 –> 01:21:25,290
[The South African apartheid regime]
[supposedly had nuclear weapons]

785
01:21:25,413 –> 01:21:28,450
[When Nelson Mandela]
[became president 1994 they were missing]

786
01:21:28,573 –> 01:21:31,963
No. I know a little bit about that.

787
01:21:33,373 –> 01:21:39,164
My deepest conviction is-

788
01:21:39,293 –> 01:21:43,889
-that he doesn’t know where
those nuclear weapons are.

789
01:21:44,013 –> 01:21:51,089
I asked him about it. What had
happened with the nuclear weapons-

790
01:21:51,213 –> 01:21:55,445
-and what he had been told about
the weapons.

791
01:21:55,573 –> 01:22:03,446
He said he was told that they
were destroyed-

792
01:22:03,573 –> 01:22:06,485
-dismantled.

797
01:22:36,813 –> 01:22:39,930
That is a question many of us
bare in mind.

799
01:22:50,293 –> 01:22:58,450
It’s impossible to establish a
world order based on force.

800
01:23:00,053 –> 01:23:05,127
The solution to the world’s problems
is not a military solution.

801
01:23:05,253 –> 01:23:12,887
I hope the American people
will play a defensive role-

802
01:23:13,013 –> 01:23:19,805
-when it comes to defending the idea
of a better world with a more human system.

804
01:23:24,333 –> 01:23:31,250
From a strategic point of view,
I think he was correct.

805
01:23:31,373 –> 01:23:35,161
But I never heard Che only
referring to the United States.

806
01:23:35,293 –> 01:23:38,251
USA is it’s people.

807
01:23:38,373 –> 01:23:45,165
To stop the corruption,
and to put an end to the abuse-

808
01:23:45,293 –> 01:23:50,765
-and the opression.
That was what Che prioritized.

809
01:23:50,893 –> 01:23:58,288
It was about the struggle against
colonialism. That’s what Che meant.

815
01:24:32,893 –> 01:24:36,169
If history is written like that-

816
01:24:36,293 –> 01:24:40,525
-I wouldn’t believe in history again.

817
01:24:41,773 –> 01:24:47,928
Here is a letter from our comrade
Ernesto Guevara.

818
01:24:49,053 –> 01:24:51,283
“Fidel”

819
01:24:51,413 –> 01:24:55,326
I feel that I have lived up
to the duty-

820
01:24:55,453 –> 01:24:59,241
-that tied me to the Cuban
revolution-

821
01:24:59,373 –> 01:25:07,565
-Now I leave you, the comrades
and your people, which also is my people.

822
01:25:07,693 –> 01:25:14,690
The truth is that he asked one thing
when he joined us in Mexico:

823
01:25:14,813 –> 01:25:21,764
When the Cuban revolution had ended
he wanted to continue the fight-

824
01:25:21,893 –> 01:25:27,923
-and he didn’t want,
for reasons of state-

825
01:25:28,053 –> 01:25:30,965
-that we should stop him-

826
01:25:31,093 –> 01:25:35,769
-He had his mind set up.
-He wanted to continue fighting.

830
01:25:51,453 –> 01:25:58,245
The Russians became critical.
That they used the capitalistic
categories to build socialism.

831
01:25:58,373 –> 01:26:03,811
-Never.

832
01:26:03,933 –> 01:26:09,451
It would have been like getting
rid of my own brother, Raul.

836
01:26:24,373 –> 01:26:29,242
I sent him to Africa and
I will tell you why.

837
01:26:29,373 –> 01:26:35,608
Che was very impatient,
He wanted to go to South America.

838
01:26:35,733 –> 01:26:40,204
I didn’t think the situation
was right at the time-

839
01:26:40,333 –> 01:26:45,771
-and our mission in Africa
wasn’t completed.

840
01:26:45,893 –> 01:26:49,169
He was very anxious to fight.

841
01:26:49,293 –> 01:26:53,172
Guerilla warriors have to be young.

844
01:27:00,893 –> 01:27:03,805
Bolivia was cojoint effort.

845
01:27:03,933 –> 01:27:07,130
I realized that it would take time.

846
01:27:07,253 –> 01:27:13,772
When a guerilla war starts,
when you initiate it-

847
01:27:13,893 –> 01:27:18,250
-the terrain and the people
is unknown.

848
01:27:18,373 –> 01:27:23,766
I wanted him to arrive safely.

849
01:27:23,893 –> 01:27:28,648
But then there were different
ideas about how things should be-

850
01:27:28,773 –> 01:27:36,566
-and the head of Bolivia’s communist party
got jealous of Che.

851
01:27:36,693 –> 01:27:40,572
Therefor there were antagonism.

852
01:27:42,053 –> 01:27:48,049
“Other countries compete for my
modest contributions”

853
01:27:49,653 –> 01:27:56,889
I leave no possessions for my family,
which I’m proud of.

854
01:27:57,013 –> 01:28:02,087
I don’t ask for anything, because I know
they’ll be taken care of by the state-

855
01:28:02,213 –> 01:28:07,003
-everything they need to make a living,
and get a good education.

859
01:28:32,533 –> 01:28:36,003
You always philosophize.

860
01:28:39,373 –> 01:28:46,529
I wish we could observe life as
two different parts.

861
01:28:46,653 –> 01:28:49,963
The first part is a rehearsal-

862
01:28:50,093 –> 01:28:54,723
-and the other part is real life.

863
01:28:54,853 –> 01:28:58,289
It has happened to you, me,
to all everybody else.

865
01:29:07,253 –> 01:29:10,723
It’s enough being born once.

867
01:29:14,493 –> 01:29:17,451
Of course, everybody make mistakes.

868
01:29:19,733 –> 01:29:24,090
Life is a process where you learn
values and ideas.

869
01:29:24,213 –> 01:29:32,245
We are neither born with ideas,
and not born with values.

870
01:29:32,373 –> 01:29:36,161
We learn along the way.
We are taught along the way.

871
01:29:36,293 –> 01:29:40,491
Or perhaps we learn from our
own experiences.

874
01:29:55,893 –> 01:30:00,921
If I was born again, I think
I would be more or less the same person.

875
01:30:04,453 –> 01:30:09,447
Under the same circumstances of course.

876
01:30:11,013 –> 01:30:16,406
Our Nation – Or Death
We Shall Prevail

877
01:30:16,533 –> 01:30:20,242
Let’s not fool ourselves in
believing that-

878
01:30:20,373 –> 01:30:24,571
-the future will be easy.

879
01:30:26,293 –> 01:30:32,482
Maybe it will be even harder.

880
01:31:43,213 –> 01:31:46,091
I have to take him to the airport.

881
01:31:46,213 –> 01:31:49,489
it’s the only guarantee, let’s go.

882
01:31:55,213 –> 01:31:58,171
Don’t waste any time, Oliver.

883
01:32:20,093 –> 01:32:24,769
We don’t have any flowers or presents,
but we’ll post you some.

886
01:32:59,813 –> 01:33:05,729
-Leave him, and we’ll feed him.
-Good, I can do voluntary work.

889
01:33:38,693 –> 01:33:42,447
Subtitling : iNSPiRE TM 2003

“Even if we had the soul of a traitor…to betray the country … even in that case we cannot trust United States.
The only thing US accepts is that you sell out … like Russia … For example Russians, they sold out.
Look dont forget this … even though there are many Americans … who are excellent people, thoughtful … with a historic tradition … the United States does not accept anything but surrender. Think about it.
Who has been saved by the United States?
Everything passes. In this period thats just begun even the empire perish. Including the empire of the United States, the most powerful empire that has ever existed. But I do not underestimates the values of the American people.”

sub title വീഡിയോയുടെ അതേ പേരില്] അതേ ഫോള്]ഡറില്] .srt ഫയല്‍ ആയി സേവ് ചെയ്താല്‍ VLC ക്ക് അത് വീഡിയോയുടെ കൂടെ കാണിക്കാനാവും.

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